Floodplains are more than just hazardous locations for human development. When floodplains are healthy and green they can improve the environment and our quality of life. Here are some things to keep in mind regarding floodplain preservation:
Floodplains absorb rain and floodwater, reducing flood flows on downstream properties. Wetland plants filter storm water runoff, making it cleaner for those downstream.
Flooding is a natural process. Flood water enriches soil. In dry areas, spring floods fill streams and recharge groundwater to make life possible during the rest of the year.
Soil in floodplains is rich in nutrients - fertile ground for gardens and growing crops. These areas are excellent for parks, green-ways, bicycle paths, and rain gardens.
Floods also recharge wetlands, creating habitats for an amazing variety of plants and animals that cannot live or breed anywhere else. Flooding can be good for fish, birds and plant life.
While we have rivers, we will have floods. Restoring floodplain areas to their natural state is not only good for the environment, it also reduces the danger and damage of flooding.