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About 3,500 Americans die each year in fires and about 20,000 are injured. You can stop the fire before it starts. Use this fact sheet to learn how to prevent a fire in your home and know what to do if you have a fire. Fire Escape Planning and Home Fire Safety
- All electrical appliances and tools should have a testing agency label.
- Have appliances repaired if they aren't working right.
- Don't overload the outlets.
- Water and electricity combined cause shock. Have dry hands; don't stand in water. If an appliance gets wet, have it serviced.
- Don't store things over the stove. People get burned reaching. Turn pot handles so children can't pull them down. Wear tight sleeves when you cook. Loose-fitting garments can catch fire.
Living or Family Room
- Use a metal fireplace screen. Have the chimney checked and cleaned regularly.
- Put lighters and matches where small children won't find them. Use special outlet covers to keep children's fingers out.
- Allow air space around the TV and stereo to prevent overheating. If the TV doesn't work right, it can be a fire danger. Have it checked out.
- Keep portable heaters away from people and combustibles.
- Buy a smoke detector and install it outside your sleeping area.
- Plan two escapes from each bedroom.
- Don't smoke bed.
- Don't overload electrical outlets.
Basement, Garage, and Storage
- Store gasoline and other flammables in tight metal containers. Don't use flammable liquids near heat, a pilot light, or while smoking.
- Have heating equipment checked yearly.
- Clean up your workbench. Keep flammables away from sparks.
- If a fuse blows, find the cause. (Replace a fuse with one of the correct size.)
- Sort and remove rubbish. Don't store things near the furnace or heater.
What to do if you have a fire
- Get out immediately, Don't try and grab your possessions they can be replaced you can't.
- Have a pre determined place to meet all the occupants of the residence so every one can be accounted for.
- Call the Fire Department, Don't assume some one else has.
- Give any information you can to the fire department regarding the location of the fire and what is burning.